This example is for Processing 3+. If you have a previous version, use the examples included with your software. If you see any errors or have suggestions, please let us know.


Rotating a square around the Z axis. To get the results you expect, send the rotate function angle parameters that are values between 0 and PI*2 (TWO_PI which is roughly 6.28). If you prefer to think about angles as degrees (0-360), you can use the radians() method to convert your values. For example: scale(radians(90)) is identical to the statement scale(PI/2).

float angle;
float jitter;

void setup() {
  size(640, 360);

void draw() {

  // during even-numbered seconds (0, 2, 4, 6...)
  if (second() % 2 == 0) {  
    jitter = random(-0.1, 0.1);
  angle = angle + jitter;
  float c = cos(angle);
  translate(width/2, height/2);
  rect(0, 0, 180, 180);