# Operator Precedence

If you don't direction state the order in which an expression is evaluated, it is decided by the operator precedence. For example, in the expression 4+2*8, the 2 will first be multiplied by 8 and then the result will be added to 4. This is because multiplication has a higher precedence than addition. To avoid ambiguity in reading the program, it is recommended to write the expression as 4+(2*8). The order of evaluation can be controlled through adding parenthesis in the code.

``````/**
* Operator Precedence
*
* If you don't direction state the order in which an
* expression is evaluated, it is decided by the operator
* precedence. For example, in the expression 4+2*8, the
* 2 will first be multiplied by 8 and then the result will
* be added to 4. This is because multiplication has a higher
* the program, it is recommended to write the expression as
* 4+(2*8). The order of evaluation can be controlled through
* adding parenthesis in the code.
*/

// The highest precedence is at the top of the list and
// the lowest is at the bottom.
// Multiplicative: * / %
// Relational: < > <= >=
// Equality: == !=
// Logical AND: &&
// Logical OR: ||
// Assignment: = += -= *= /= %=

size(640, 360);
background(51);
noFill();
stroke(51);

stroke(204);
for(int i=0; i< width-20; i+= 4) {
// The 30 is added to 70 and then evaluated
// if it is greater than the current value of "i"
// For clarity, write as "if (i > (30 + 70)) {"
if (i > 30 + 70) {
line(i, 0, i, 50);
}
}

stroke(255);
// The 2 is multiplied by the 8 and the result is added to the 4
// For clarity, write as "rect(5 + (2 * 8), 0, 90, 20);"
rect(4 + 2 * 8, 52, 290, 48);
rect((4 + 2) * 8, 100, 290, 49);

stroke(153);
for (int i = 0; i < width; i+= 2) {
// The relational statements are evaluated
// first, and then the logical AND statements and
// finally the logical OR. For clarity, write as:
// "if(((i > 20) && (i < 50)) || ((i > 100) && (i < width-20))) {"
if (i > 20 && i < 50 || i > 100 && i < width-20) {
line(i, 151, i, height-1);
}
}
``````

This example is for Processing 4+. If you have a previous version, use the examples included with your software. If you see any errors or have suggestions, please let us know.